Royal Marines History 2

Part 2 of Royal Marines History

The previous page was: "Royal Marines History 1"

"A thousand colours could not contain their brilliant record" (Admiral lord Charles Beresford 1914)

4th April 1879 Royal Marines saw action at Dabulmanzi's Kraal, South Africa.

19th November 1879 Actives Naval Brigade including Royal Marines landed at Durban for the Zulu Wars

29th February 1884 El-Tebb the last stand of the Arabs was around the wells of El-Tebb; they surrounded themselves with sandbags and two mounted guns. The Wells were protected very well with the loss of 3000 out of 6000 men. The British loss was 34 killed, 155 wounded, including an Royal Marine Artillery Gunner and privates of the Royal Marines Light Infantry.

22nd August 1894 New set of colours issued to Portsmouth Division by Queen Victoria at the express wish of her uncle, King George IV.

22nd March 1899 Miniatures replaced Medals for Officers in Ball Dress.

1899 25th November. Battle of Graspan, South Africa.

Royal Marines History 1

Defence of the Peking Legations

1900 13th June. 300 Boxers rushed the 'Ha-Ta-Men' gate, setting the Methodist Chapel on fire. The French volunteers drove them back. The Marines stood to their arms and doubled through the gate with great excitement. "I ope they let us get at 'em with the bayonet" an eye witness was rumoured to of said.

1900 14th June. Captain L. S. T. Halliday Royal Marine Light Infantry, was awarded the Victoria Cross during the Boxer rebellion. Captain Halliday led a sortie of twenty Marines to drive out the enemy. Almost immediately they engaged with a party of the enemy. Before he could use his revolver he was shot through the left shoulder at point blank range, shattering the shoulder and carrying away part of the lung, Captain Halliday then killed three of his assailants and ordered his men to carry on and not mind him. He then walked back to the hospital unaided refusing an escort so as not to diminish the number of men engaging in the sortie.

3rd May 1914 ANVAC Marines took part in the attack of the Chessboard, the attempt to improve the defective position at the head of the Monash Valley had failed, the throwing in of Marines to retrieve a battle already lost resulted in the slaughter of many brave officers and men.

28th June 1914 France Lord Beresford inspected the Royal Marine Light Infantry Battalions.

25th August 1914 Royal Marine Unints landed at Ostend; withdrawn on the 31st August.

1914 Lord Charles Beresford stated in a signal it was the 250th anniversary of their foundation: “A thousand colours could not contain their brilliant record.”

28th April 1915 Gallipoli.

31st May 1916 The Battle of Jutland

23rd April 1918 The raid on Zeebrugge.

3rd June 1919 Serbia Royal Marines saw action at Sarapail.

15th June 1919 Royal Marine Artillery, Howitzer Brigade returned to Eastney on the SS Lydia arriving at 15:00hrs, at which the Brigade was finally dispersed.

19th June 1919 North Russia Battle of Topoa, Lt Sergeant destroyed all the enemy munitions, with fire that he directed.

From 1923 they all became known

As ‘the 'Royal Marines'

September 1939, Sir Dallas Brooks, the Commandant-General Royal Marines, for four and a half years was in the Political Warfare Executive advising the Government.

October 1939 the first Royal Marine Special Service Brigade was made into a Amphibious Unit. It was designed to operate from a land base; after Dunkirk this was the only Brigade ready to defend the English coast.

1940 22nd February. Royal Marines Depot opened, it is now the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM).

1940 13th April. 200 Royal Marines landed by H.M.S. Suffolk and occupied the Faroe Islands. It was known as Force Sandell after its Commander.

1940 26th May. The evacuation of Dunkirk, Operation Dynamo - Lasted until 4th June.

14th February 1942 Royal Marine Commandos were formed.

15th April 1942 Successful raid at Kupho Nisi, radio station.

1943 4 Commando Brigades were formed with 2 Army Commandos and 2 Royal Marines Commandos

10th July 1943

The world had so long awaited

10th July 1943 40 and 41 Royal Marine Commandos allotted the very Spearhead of World War II 'Invasion of Europe.' The world watched as they re-captured the first enemy held territory, and held it.

1943 The Fairbairn-Sykes Commando Knife was introduced to the Commandos.

9th September 1943 41 Commando Royal Marines landing at Salerno.

Rudyard Kipling Wrote:

“’Er Majesty’s Jollies.”

“There isn’t a job on top o’ the earth the begger don’t know, or do. You can leave ‘im on a bald man’s ‘ead to paddle ‘is own canoe’. ‘E’s a sort of bloomin cosmopolouse-soldier an’ sailor too.”

1943 Colonel W. T. Clement United States Marine Corps stated: The United States Marines is based on that of the Royal Corps the essence of which is its flexibility.

7th September 1943 Lt Col Manner's 40 Commando secured a Bridgehead at Vibo Valentia, Italy.

9th September 1943 Lt Col Lumsden's 41 Commando RM landed at Marina, to the west of Salerno.

3rd October 1943 40 Commando Royal Marines landing at Termoli.

Sir Winston Churchill said:

“The long, rough, and glorious history of the Royal Marines has shown that they have achieved much. They will achieve more. They are ready to assail the enemy at many points. They are manning the guns of their ships in every sea. They are a formidable and versatile company of warriors as highly trained, as any the World has seen.”

22nd January 1944 Operation Shingle, the landing at Anzio where 45 Ships were used 3 were sunk.

1944 6th June. Royal Marines Commandos the 'Overlord' landings in Normandy.

1944 7th June. 47 Commando RM Capture of Port-E-Bessin

1944 11th June. 46 Commando RM Capture of Le Hemel and Rots.

1944 1st November. The Assault on Walcheren.

1945 23rd January. 45 Commando RM Attack on Montforterbeek.

1945 31st January. 44 and 42 Commandos RM Battle of Kangaw.

1945 2nd April. 43 Commando RM Battle of Commachio.

7th June 1944 47 Commando Royal Marines capture Port-en-Bessin.

11th June 1944 46 Commando Royal Marines the Attack on Le Hamel and Rots.

1st November 1944 the Assault on Walcheren.

23rd January 1945. 45 Commando Royal Marines attack on Montforterbeek.

31st January 1945. 42 Commando Royal Marines Battle of Kangaw.

31st January 1945. 48 Commando Royal Marines Battle of Kangaw.

2nd April 1945. 43 Commando Royal Marines Battle of Commachio; Corporal Hunter VC.

1948. By its achievements in the Second World War the Corps won a distinction and honour which it prizes above all others. Like his father, King George VI took the keenest personal interest in his Marines and in 1948, as a mark of His Majesty's special favour, was graciously pleased to become the first Captain-General of the Royal Marine Corps.

1950 22nd March. The Royal Marine establishment at Chatham was closed.

1950 16th August. 41 Independent Company of Royal Marines was formed at the Commando Training Camp, Bickleigh. For service with the United States Marine Corps.

1950 31st August. Chatham group Royal Marines was disbanded.

1950 12th September. The first raid by 41 Independent Commando in Korea.

1954 1st December. Amphibious school Royal Marines moved from Fort Cumberland, Eastney to Poole.

1959 14th May. Royal Marines received the freedom of Portsmouth.

1960 25th November. All Royal Marines, except Recruits and Bandsmen, employed to wear the green beret of the Commandos.

1964 10th June. Music of the Preobrajensky March presented by Earl Mountbatten to the Royal Marines as their Regimental Slow March.

1966. 42 Commando Royal Marines action at Sergingham ends Confrontation between Malaysia and Indonesia.

1970 25th February. Concept of the Military salary approved in Parliment.

1970 2nd November. Mountain and Artic Warfare Cadre Formed.

Modern-day Pages Fast Boats Pages Joe Wezley Pages

28th September 1969

First tour of Norther Ireland.

1974 23rd April. The Royal Marines were affiliated to the Church of the Corporation of the City of London, St Lawrence.

1979 1st May. Royal Marines receive freedom of Medway.

1979 27th August. Murder of Admiral of the Fleet the Earl of Mountbatten of Burma.

1982 2nd April. The invasion of the Falkland Islands by Argentina.

1982 21st May. 3 Commando Brigade landings at San Carlos Water by RM Operational Landing Craft Squadrons.

1982 22nd May. Commando Logistics Regiment RM landing at Ajax Bay.

1982 11/12th June. Attack on Mount Harriet by 42 Commando RM and Two Sisters by 45 Command RM.

1982 14th June. The surrender of the Falkland Islands by Argentina.

1984 8th February. Beirut 846 Naval Air Squadron began operations off Beirut from RFA Reliant.

1984 1st April. 539 Assault Squadron Royal Marines formed.

1989 22nd September. Eleven members of the Royal Marines Staff Band and a civilian killed by a terrorist bomb at Royal Marines School of music at Deal.

2003 20th March. 40 Commando RM Clearance of the Al Faw Peninsular.

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